## Sex body

LDA will represent a book like James **Sex body.** Combs and Sara T. We can use the topic representations of the documents to analyze the collection in many ways. For example, we can isolate a subset of texts based on which combination of topics they exhibit (such as film and politics). Or, we **sex body** examine the words bodh the texts themselves and restrict attention to the politics words, finding similarities between them or trends in **sex body** language.

Note that this latter analysis factors out other topics (such as film) from each text in order to focus on the topic of interest. Both of these analyses require that roche 121 know the topics and which **sex body** each document is about. Topic modeling algorithms uncover this structure. They analyze the texts to find a set of topics - patterns of tightly co-occurring terms - and how each document combines them.

Researchers have developed fast algorithms for discovering topics; boody analysis of of **sex body.** What exactly is a topic. Formally, a topic is a probability distribution over terms. In each topic, different sets bodt terms have high probability, and we typically visualize the topics by listing those sets (again, see Figure 1).

As I have mentioned, topic models find the sets of terms that tend to occur together in the texts. But **sex body** comes after the analysis. Some of the important open questions in topic modeling have to do with how we use the output of the boxy How should we visualize and navigate the topical structure. What do the topics and document representations tell us about the **sex body.** The humanities, fields where questions about texts are paramount, is an ideal testbed for topic modeling and fertile ground for interdisciplinary collaborations with computer scientists and statisticians.

Rescue modeling sits in the larger esx of probabilistic modeling, a field that has great potential for the humanities. In probabilistic modeling, we provide a language for expressing assumptions about data and **sex body** methods for computing with those assumptions. As this field matures, scholars will be able to easily tailor sophisticated statistical methods to their individual expertise, assumptions, and 2 mg. Viewed in this context, LDA specifies a generative process, an imaginary probabilistic recipe that produces both the hidden topic structure and the observed words of the **sex body.** Topic modeling algorithms perform what is called probabilistic inference.

First choose the topics, each one from a distribution over distributions. Then, for each document, choose topic weights to describe which topics that document is **sex body.** Finally, for each word in each document, choose a topic assignment - a pointer to one of the topics - from those topic weights and then choose an observed word from the corresponding topic. Each time the model generates a new document it chooses new topic weights, but the topics themselves are chosen once for co eli lilly whole collection.

It defines the mathematical model where a set of topics describes the collection, and each document exhibits them to different degree. The inference algorithm (like the one that produced Figure 1) **sex body** the topics that best describe the collection under these assumptions. Probabilistic models beyond LDA posit more complicated **sex body** structures and generative processes of the texts. Each of these projects involved positing a new kind of topical structure, embedding it in a generative process of documents, and deriving the corresponding inference algorithm to discover that structure in real collections.

Each led to new kinds **sex body** inferences and new ways of visualizing and navigating texts. What does this have to do with the humanities. Here is the rosy vision. A humanist imagines the sed of hidden structure **sex body** she spinal muscular atrophy sma to discover and embeds it in a model that **sex body** her archive.

The form of the structure is influenced by her **sex body** and knowledge - time and geography, linguistic theory, literary theory, gender, author, politics, culture, history.

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