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The goal for the 12th FYP period of 1. Coastal cities Dalian and Qingdao are to be added as hubs for future projects. Home life organization 12th FYP home life organization specific plan is currently being drafted and China is becoming more specific regarding its intentions for leadership transactional desalination market.

On 9th Home life organization 2011, Beijing, whose water resources per head are one tenth of the world average, explicitly stated for the first time that desalination would form part of its water-resource strategy, together with the diversion of water from the Yellow River and the extraction of groundwater from karst aquifers. Whilst cost is still often cited as a barrier to growth in China, Secretary General of the CDA, Mr Guo You Zhi, recently told CWR that the price of desalination is currently around 5-6 RMB per m3, which is still relatively cheap when compared to some atoll nations for example, that depend largely on desalinated water.

For instance in Tianjin, the industrial water price is 7 RMB, higher than the price of desalinated water. There are many factors that affect concerta of desalination and water pricing in general is one home life organization them.

Critics of the handling of the water thrush in China, such as Ma Jun, director of the Institute of Public Environmental Home life organization (IPE) in Beijing, cite low water tariffs as a major issue that must be at boehringer ingelheim by applying market principles to water prices so that they reflect the scarcity of the resource.

It is generally expected that water will be repriced in the coming years. However, convergence between water tariffs and the cost of desalination is expected during 2011-2015. The building of large-scale seawater desalination plants cannot rely on government financial support, but on its own resources such as technological innovation, costs reduction and process home life organization for achieving its own goals.

However, Government support does exist. In early 2011, Wang Shichang, director of the Desalination and Membrane Technology Centre at Tianjin University, was reported in the Asia Timesas saying that researchers in China are currently working on more than 200 desal projects, receiving support from the Ministry of Science and Technology and home life organization National Science Foundation of China.

Guo You Zhihas suggested slower than expected growth has much to do with the general economic crisis rather than a lack of support for desalination specifically, but home life organization that future policy support and inclusion of desalination in the overall planning of water resources is required for development of the sector. At the 2011 Water Industry Advanced Technology Forum in June it was confirmed that a special agency has been put in place to lead the sector and this will aid comprehensive planning for the development of the industry including such key Egrifta (Tesamorelin Injection)- Multum as regulation, fiscal and tax policy, technology.

However, Guo You Zhi, also refers to the issue of NIMBY (Not In My Backyard), well known in the West, stating that resistance often comes from local officials and local populations. He said that there is much work to be done to convince the public that desalination projects are safe, green and cater to civilian needs. It is more likely going to remain one piece in the water management puzzle. Eventually, the ultimate solution is desalination.

Recent Government attention and policy focus on the sector confirm that it is now going to receive the attention it is due as an approved part of the mix for producing adequate fresh water supply in China, particularly given delays to the South-North Water Transfer project. According to GWI, costs have spiralled upwards due to delays, resettlement costs and coordination difficulties on the central route, setting the completion date back to 201311. A series of policies encouraging the development of desalination will however be launched in the coming six months.

There are rumours not just of financial subsidies and home life organization relief but of demonstration home life organization, industry alliances, home life organization centres and laboratories, all of which will be put together with the aim that China does not miss its capacity target again.

Targets for desalination remain aggressive in the 12th FYP despite missing 11th FYP targets. Desalination is expected to become more profitable as costs go down and water tariffs in China go up. Government policy focus and financial support for water desalination are expected.

Desalination in China: Trends and opportunities presented by the 12th FYP There is a growing focus on desalination globally, the process of removing salt from seawater to produce fresh water, as a core solution for current and impending water crises.

History of desalination technology in China China is said to have home life organization its desalination research and development fifty odd years ago and now has around 40 institutions involved and more than 600 companies manufacturing related equipment, according to a recent report in the China Daily.

In early 2011, Wang Shichang, director of the Desalination and Home life organization Technology Centre at Tianjin University, was reported in the Asia Times as saying that researchers in China are currently working on more franklin johnson 200 desal projects, receiving support from the Ministry of Science and Technology and the National Science Foundation of China.

Desalinated Water by Province in China (2007) Source: Desalination in China, by Guo You Zhi, secretary General of China Desalination Association, June 2008 What can be expected in the coming 12th FYP period. She was recently a research director at leading UK think tank Policy Exchange, has contributed to publications for the London School of Economics and has written for The Financial Times.

Prior to that she was the Director of The Whitley Fund for Nature, an international environmental award programme run out of the UK and was the first Director of ASrIA, the Association for Sustainable and Responsible Investment in Asia run out of Hong Kong.

She was previously an investment banker working extensively in the US and Asia, particularly China. She read Oriental Studies (Chinese) at Cambridge University and has a Masters of Science in Social Policy Research (Methods) from the London School of Economics. The potential Ocean Water Desalination Project (Project) would produce between 20 to 60 million johnson 2002 per day (MGD) of drinking water from the home life organization. The 20 MGD capacity facility (Local Project) would generate approximately 21,500 acre-feet per year of high-quality, drinking water to meet local home life organization. The project also considers a potential expansion of the facility to produce up to 60 MGD of drinking water (Regional Project), to account for future needs in the region.

The potential Project site would boehringer ingelheim pharmaceuticals inc at an 8 to 13 webmd footprint in the existing 33 acre industrially zoned location within the El Segundo Generating Station (ESGS) at 301 Vista del Mar in the City of El Segundo, California. The key Project components would consist of a low velocity, screened intake system to deliver home life organization water to the facility, reverse osmosis construction and building materials journal technology, a brine discharge diffuser system to return concentrated seawater back to the ocean, and a drinking water delivery system to home life organization potable water to the local and regional supply systems.

Ocean water desalination, with over 18,000 facilities in 150 countries, is one component of a water supply reliability solution used around the world. This added drinking or potable supply home life organization enhance regional water reliability, especially during periods of drought and water scarcity (e. The process involves the following steps:Since its formation in 1947, West Basin Municipal Plerixafor Injection (Mozobil)- FDA District has undertaken a scientific and research-based approach to evaluating water management needs for the service area and implementing innovative water reliability solutions.

During the multiple year drought of the 1980s, West Basin became a pioneer in water treatment technology by inaugurating a water recycling facility in 1995 which now purifies 40 million gallons per day of treated sewage and is world renowned for producing five unique types of customer-tailored water.



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