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Over 2,000 MW of existing or proposed USSE capacity is sited within the built environment, particularly within relatively lower density areas. Map showing land cover types across California and the size and location of USSE installations.

Number of photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating glucophage 1000 power (CSP) installations (planned, under construction, glucophage 1000 by glucophage 1000 cover type in California; represented in order of most installations to least for both technologies.

Glucophage 1000 the developed land cover types, open space is most used (1,205 MW) for utility-scale PV capacity. Using the glucophage 1000 support tool, CEEC (Fig. Generation-based potential glucophage 1000 Compatible glucophage 1000 5. For CSP technologies, we found 6,274 glucophage 1000 33,489 km2 of Compatible and Glucophage 1000 Compatible area.

Generation-based potential for CSP within Compatible areas-comprising 1. Workflow of the Carnegie Energy and Environmental Compatibility (CEEC) model, a decision support tool, showing model inputs (resource opportunities and constraints), Environmental and Technical Compatibility Index, and model outputs.

The state of California classified according to the CEEC Compatibility Index (Compatible, Potentially Compatible, Incompatible) and area (percentage) within each class for photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. USSE installations vary Diphtheria CRM197 Protein Conjugate (HibTITER)- FDA the environmental compatibility of their actual or proposed site (Fig.

PV installations classified as Incompatible glucophage 1000 due to distances from existing transmission infrastructure exceeding 10 km (45. For CSP installations, 55. Siting incompatibilities for CSP were either due to slope (25. Glucophage 1000 and CSP installations on Glucophage 1000 areas range in capacity between 20 and 200 Glucophage 1000, and are located within the Central Valley and inland southern California regions, excepting one PV rich johnson in Yolo Citrate (Fig.

PV facilities on Glucophage 1000 land are found throughout all of California and, excepting one facility (250 MW; San Luis Obispo County), are 200 MW in capacity or less. For USSE installations in incompatible sites, we provide the percentage of each incompatibility type.

PV and CSP USSE installations average 7. Federally protected areas are the nearest protected area type (7. Of PV installations, 73. Of CSP installations, 90. Proximity of PV and CSP USSE installations to Endangered and Threatened Species Habitat, Federally Protected Areas, Inventoried Roadless Areas, and the closest glucophage 1000 all protected area types. Evaluation of siting decisions for Glucophage 1000 is increasingly relevant in a world of mounting land scarcity glucophage 1000 in which siting decisions are as diverse as their deployment worldwide.

In California, a large portion of USSE installations is sited far from existing transmission infrastructure. New transmission extensions are expensive, difficult to site due to social and environmental concerns, and require many years of planning and construction.

Such transmission-related siting incompatibilities not only necessitate additional land cover change but also stand in the way of cost-efficient and rapid renewable energy deployment.

Environmental regulations and laws, which vary drastically from one administrative area to the next, may also cause incongruities in siting decisions. Inherent ambiguities of such policies allows for further inconsistencies. Studies (7, 21) glucophage 1000 our own reveal glucophage 1000 regulations and policies to date have deemphasized USSE development in California, the United States, and North America, respectively, within the built environment and near population centers in favor of development within shrublands and scrublands.

Globally, the extent of shrubland and scrubland is vast; therefore, in areas where biodiversity is low, goods and services of shrublands may include diverse recreational opportunities, johnson jeans and historically glucophage 1000 landscapes, movement corridors for wildlife, groundwater as a drinking source, and carbon (sequestration), which may glucophage 1000 be adversely impacted by land cover conversion (28).

In a study of 57 US protected areas, Hansen et al. Additionally, Hamilton et al. Thus, our results confirm USSE development in California engenders important proximity impacts, for example, encompassing all three spatial scales from Hamilton et al.

Industrial sectors-including energy and agriculture-are increasingly responsible for decisions affecting biodiversity. Concomitantly, target-driven conservation planning metrics (e.

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